Carnivorous
Photograph
Sarracenia oreophila Hybrids
Description and grower
Sarracenia oreophila is native to North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee. While the species did not survive longterm in our artificial bog structure, several of its hybrids did. Sarracenia oreophila hybrids have proven to be our most dependable blooming plants.
Sarracenia oreophila x minor
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Parents: = S. oreophila x S. minor. Un-named horticultural hybrid.
Desc: Top of pitcher green with burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/8/2011 Healthy plant. In bloom.

Grower: 12/5/2006 J&K Orchids (Neenah, WI).

Sarracenia oreophila x rubra
(additional image)

Parents: = S. oreophila x S. rubra. Un-named horticultural hybrid.
Desc: Top of pitcher green with burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/8/2011 Healthy plant. In bloom.

Grower#1: 11/27/2006 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA).
Grower#2: 6/23/2009 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Sold as subspecies gulfensis.

Sarracenia oreophila x flava
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Parents: = #1 Sarracenia oreophila 'Virginia' x flava
Desc: #1 Top of pitcher bright green with burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/8/2011 Healthy plant. In bloom.

Grower#1: 11/27/2006 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA).

Parents: = #2 Sarracenia oreophila 'Alabama' x flava variety atropurpurea
Desc: #2 Top of pitcher green with reddish cast, burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Upper stem with red blotches. Lower stem green.

6/8/2011 Healthy plant.

Grower#2: 4/30/2008 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA).


Carnivorous
Photograph
Sarracenia leucophylla Hybrids
Description and grower
Sarracenia leucophylla is native to North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida. Hybrids containing any part of Sarracenia leucophylla have failed to perform well in our artificial bog structure. Most simply die. A few struggle on for several years, but look dreadful. My hunch is that Sarracenia leucophylla produce hybrids that are unsuitable for our artificial environment or climate.
Sarracenia (leucophylla x flava)
x purpurea
(hybrid named 'Judith Hindle')
(additional image)

Parents: = Sarracenia purpurea x (leucophylla x flava).
Desc: Top of pitcher green, white and burgundy with dark burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

Grower: 5/1/2007 J&K Orchids (Neenah, WI). 2 Plants.

Sarracenia leucophylla x psittacina
(hybrid named x wrigleyana)
(additional image)

Parents: = S. leucophylla x S. psittacina.
Desc: Pitcher plant. Carnivorous pitchers in summer, dormant in winter. Clump forming plant, leaves 12 inch tall.

Grower: 12/5/2006 J&K Orchids (Neenah, WI).


Carnivorous
Photograph
Sarracenia purpurea Hybrids
Description and grower
Sarracenia purpurea is a native species to Wisconsin. It is wide ranging and grows in most of the eastern US and Canada. The species and many of its hybrids survive longterm in our artificial bog structure. Many Sarracenia purpurea hybrids have proven to be a dependable blooming plants.
Sarracenia purpurea subspecies purpurea is an exotic subspecies to Wisconsin. It is native to North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida, Tennessee, Virginia, and Canada. This subspecies has survived longterm in our artificial bog structure. However, it has not been a dependable bloomer.
Sarracenia purpurea subspecies venosa is a synonym for subspecies purpurea. The synonym subspecies venosa may be used by breeders to indicate a plant from the southern US, as opposed to from Canada. In any case, this specimen did not survived longterm in our artificial bog structure.
Sarracenia purpurea x flava
(hybrid name xcatesbaei)
(additional image)

Parents: = S. purpurea x S. flava. Naturally occuring hybrid is called xcatesbaei.
Desc: Top of pitcher green with burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/8/2011 Healthy plant. In bloom.

Grower#1: 4/17/2006 Plant Delights Nursery (Raleigh, NC). Sold as naturally occuring hybrid xcatesbaei.
Grower#2: 6/23/2009 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Sold as horticultural cross.
Grower#3: 12/5/2006 J&K Orchids (Neenah, WI). Dead.

Sarracenia purpurea subspecies purpurea
(additional images)

Parents: = Species is native to Wisconsin, but the subspecies is not.
Desc: Top of pitcher burgundy green with distinct dark burgundy veins. Lid partly covers pitcher forming U shape. Lower stem burgundy green.

6/8/2011 Healthy plant.

Grower: 4/30/2008 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA).

Sarracenia purpurea subspecies venosa
(synonym subspecies venosa is now subspecies purpurea)

Parents: = Species is native to Wisconsin, but the subspecies is not.
Desc: Top of pitcher burgundy green with distinct dark burgundy veins. Lid partly covers pitcher forming U shape. Lower stem burgundy green.

6/24/2009 Plant brown, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Healthy plant. 4 pitchers, 5 inches.
7/1/2007 Healthy plant, small. 3 pitchers, 2 inches tall. Transplanted directly into artificial bog in front yard. Full sun. Permanent home.

Grower: 7/1/2007 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.


Carnivorous
Photograph
Failed Sarracenia species and Hybrids
Description and grower
Many species and hybrids did not survive longterm in our artificial bog structure. Those plants which have died are noted in the text below as Dead, and are displayed with a grey background color.
Sarracenia alabamensis subspecies wherryi
x leucophylla
'Dixie Lace'
(additional image)

Parents: = S. alabamensis subspecies wherryi x S. leucophylla. Hybrid by Rob Gardner and Larry Mellichamp, North Carolina. Plants are reproduced by tissue culture (cloned).
Desc: Top of pitcher green with burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

Grower: 12/5/2006 J&K Orchids (Neenah, WI). Dead.

Sarracenia flava
(additional image)

Parents: = Species in Southeast United States.
Desc: Top of pitcher yellowish green with distinct burgundy brown veins. Lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/24/2009 Barely alive. 3 pitchers, 2 inches (much shorter then last year).
6/16/2008 Struggling plant. 2 pitchers. 7 inches.
7/1/2007 Healthy plant, small. 3 pitchers, 2 inches tall. Transplanted directly into artificial bog in front yard. Full sun. Permanent home.
1998 #2 Grown in milled peat moss bog. Healthy plant. Did not survive winter.

Grower#1: 7/1/2007 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.
Grower#2: 5/18/1998 Niche Gardens (Chapel Hill, NC). Dead.

Future image Sarracenia leucophylla x Willisii
(additional image)

Parents: = S. leucophylla x S. Willisii. Sarracenia Willisii is (psittacina x purpurea) x (purpurea x (flava x purpurea)).
Desc: Top of pitcher green with burgundy veins, lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/24/2009 Barely alive. 1 pitcher, 2 inches (much shorter then last year).
6/16/2008 - Two struggling plants, 4 pitchers, 3 pitchers with 1 flower bud. 3 inches and 11 inches.
7/4/2007 - Struggling plant. Alive, but not very lush. 1 pitcher, 6 inches tall. Additional growth starting.
3/17/2007 - Dormant. Old leaves dry and brittle, no new growth. Receives sunlight from west facing window for 2-3 hours. Watered twice monthly, garage is typically 90% relative humidity. Soil remains permanently wet, nighttime temperature kept 25F - 40F for winter.
1/21/2007 - Healthy plant. Nice green leaves, some new growth. Receives sunlight from west facing window for 2-3 hours. Watered twice monthly, garage is typically 90% relative humidity. Soil remains permanently wet, nighttime temperature kept 25F - 40F for winter.
12/5/2006 - Grown in 3 inch pot. Healthy plant. Moved to garage for winter (near sunny window). Watered with RO water, soil kept permanently damp. Nighttime temperature 25F - 40F for winter.

Grower: 12/5/2006 J&K Orchids (Neenah, WI). Dead.

Sarracenia minor x psittacina x purpurea 'Ladybug'
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(additional image)
(additional image) 06-12-2008

Parents: = S. minor x S. psittacina x S. purpurea.
Desc: Top of pitcher burgundy brown, lid curved downturned. Lower stem green.

6/24/2009 Struggling plant. 4 pitchers, 6 inches (fewer pitchers then last year).
6/12/2008 Healthy plant. 15 pitchers, 8 inches tall, with 1 flower.
7/4/2007 Healthy plant. 35 pitchers, 6 inches tall.
11/25/2006 Overwintered in artificial bog. Grown in 30 gallon prefabricated plastic pond liner overfilled with long fiber sphagnum moss. Dormant.

Grower: 4/17/2006 Plant Delights Nursery (Raleigh, NC). Dead.

Future image Sarracenia Mooreana

Parents: = S. leucophylla x S. oreophila. Horticultural hybrid.

6/24/2009 Barely alive. 3 pitchers, 2 inches (much smaller then last year).
6/16/2008 Healthy plant, 4 pitchers, 8 inches, with 1 flower bud.

Grower: 4/30/2008 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.

Future image Sarracenia leucophylla 'Tarnok'
(additional image)

Common Name: = Crimson Pitcherplant (USDA).
Parents: = Exotic to Wisconsin. Native to Southeast USA.
Desc: Top of pitcher whitish green with green veins. Lid erect and outstretched. Lower stem green. Doubled flower pitcher plant (tetraploid?). Cultivar named for Coleman Tarnok, Alabama, USA.

6/24/2009 Brown plant, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Struggling plant, 2 pitchers. 3 inches.
7/4/2007 Struggling plant. Alive, but not very lush. 2 pitchers, 8 inches tall. Additional growth starting.
11/25/2006 Overwintered in artificial bog. Grown in 30 gallon prefabricated plastic pond liner overfilled with long fiber sphagnum moss. Dormant.

Grower: 4/17/2006 Plant Delights Nursery (Raleigh, NC). Dead.

Future image Sarracenia 'Ladies in Waiting'

Parents: = .
Desc: .

6/24/2009 Brown plant, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Healthy plant, 5 pitchers.

Grower: 4/30/2008 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.

Future image Sarracenia 'Cobra Nest'

Parents: = .
Desc: .

6/24/2009 Brown plant, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Healthy plant, 3 pitchers. 8 inches.

Grower: 4/30/2008 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.

Sarracenia x readii

Parents: = S. leucophylla x S. rubra. Naturally occuring hybrid to Southest USA.
Desc: Top of pitcher greenish brown with distinct burgundy brown veins. Lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/24/2009 Brown plant, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Struggling plant. 3 pitchers, 9 inches, with 1 flower bud.
7/1/2007 Healthy plant. Transplanted directly into artificial bog in front yard. Full sun. Permanent home.

Grower: 7/1/2007 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.

Future image Sarracenia x excellens

Parents: = S. leucophylla x S. minor.

6/24/2009 Brown plant, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Healthy plant, 12 inches. 2 pitchers.

Grower: 4/30/2008 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.

Sarracenia
rubra

Parents: = Native to Southeast US.
Desc: Top of pitcher greenish brown with distinct burgundy brown veins. Lid covers pitcher. Lower stem green.

6/24/2009 Brown plant, did not grow.
6/16/2008 Struggling plant, 2 pitchers, 7 inches.
7/1/2007 Healthy plant, small. 4 pitchers, 3 inches tall. Transplanted directly into artificial bog in front yard. Full sun. Permanent home.

Grower: 7/1/2007 California Carnivores (Sebastopol, CA). Dead.


Sarracenia x hybrid = Naturally occuring hybrid (USDA)
Sarracenia Grex = Manmade hybrid
X alata flava leucophylla minor oreophila psittacina purpurea rubra
alata - Alava x areolata Miniata Mineophila Psittata x exornata x ahlesii
flava - x moorei x harperi ??? Crispata x catesbaei
stevensii
x popei
leucophylla - Excellens Mooreana x wrigleyana x mitchelliana x readii
farnhamii
minor - ??? x formosa x swaniana x rehderi
oreophila - ??? Pureophila ???
psittacina - Courtii x gilpinii
purpurea - x chelsonii
rubra -


Sarracenia species botanical nomenclature literature
1753 Charles Linnaeus, Species Plantarum, described Sarracenia purpurea Linnaeus. 1840 Rafinesque inappropriately divided the taxon into two species. 1933 and 1972 Wherry treated the taxon as two subspecies purpurea Linnaeus and gibbosa (Rafinesque) Wherry.
1753 Charles Linnaeus, Species Plantarum, described Sarracenia flava Linnaeus.
1788 Thomas Walter, Flora Caroliniana, described Sarracenia minor Walter.
1788 Thomas Walter, Flora Caroliniana, described Sarracenia rubra Walter.
1803 Andre Michaux, Flora Boreali Americana (French), described Sarracenia psittacina Michaux.
1817 Constantine Rafinesque, Florula Ludoviciana (French), described Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque.
1863 Alfonzo Wood, Object Lessons in Botany, described Sarracenia alata Wood.
1900 Thomas Kearney, Science, inappropriately ranked oreophila as a variety of flava. 1933 Edgar Wherry, Bartonia, elevated the taxon to species, and described Sarracenia oreophila (Kearney) Wherry.
1999 Naczi, Fred Case, Roberta Case, Sida, described Sarracenia rosea.


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