Krischan Photography
  Garden Images For Publication



Visit to Martin's Woods Big Bend, Wisconsin
We have been visiting Martin's Woods since 1996. This environment hosts a great assortment of interesting plant species.

Plant species have been collected here since 1874.

G.D. Swezey (Wisconsin Geological Survey) 1874, collected Trillium grandiflorum from Big Bend (likely Martin's Woods).

C.E. Monroe 1919, collected Carex gracilescens (WI Special Concerns) from Big Bend (likely Martin's Woods).

S.C. Wadmond 1927, made the first significant collection (about 50 species) from Martin's Woods (Everette Martin Farm / Waucowis), collected Conioselinum chinense (WI Endangered), Corallorhiza maculata (Spotted Coralroot), Deschampsia cespitosa (WI Special Concern), Desmodium cuspidatum var cuspidatum (only specimen from Wisconsin, 8/30), Platanthera huronesis (Huron Green Orchid, 6/24-7/14).

H. Staffeld 1930, collected Platanthera orbiculata (Lesser Roundleaved Orchid) from Big Bend (likely Martin's Woods).

Norman Fassett 1931, made a significant collection (about 60 species) from Martin's Woods.

Peter Salamun 1939.

Marjorie Alberts 1945, made a significant collection (about 10 species) from Martin's Woods.

Michelle Fredricks 1982, made a significant collection (about 30 species) from Martin's Woods, Liparis liliifolia (Brown Widelip Orchid).


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Apiaceae (Carrot Family)
Future image Conioselinum
chinense


Common Name: = Chinese Hemlockparsley (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 10
Phenology: 8/22 - 9/24
Status: WI Endangered. Not seen since 1930.


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Araceae (Arum Family)
Future image Arisaema
dracontium


Common Name: = Dragonroot (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 8
Phenology: 5/30 - 6/13
Arisaema
triphyllum


Common Name: = Jack In The Pulpit (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5.
Phenology: 5/20 - 6/13
Symplocarpus
foetidus

(additional image)
(additional image)

Common Name: = Skunk Cabbage (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 8
Phenology: 4/28 - 5/30


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Aristolochiaceae (Ginger Family)
Asarum
canadense

(additional image)

Common Name: = Canadian Wildginger (USDA).
Desc: Native to Wisconsin (statewide). Native to Eastern US.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/24 - 6/6


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Antennaria
neglecta


Common Name: = Field Pussytoes (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 3
Phenology: 5/3 - 5/30
Note: Photo not from site.
Future image Antennaria
parlinii
subspecies fallax


Common Name: = Parlin's Pussytoes (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/30 - 6/6


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Berberidaceae (Barberry Family)
Caulophyllum
thalictroides


Common Name: = Blue Cohosh (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 8
Phenology: 5/20 - 6/19
Podophyllum
peltatum


Common Name: = Mayapple (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 5/24 - 6/21


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)
Future image Arabis
laevigata


Common Name: = Smooth Rockcress (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 6/29
Status: Uncommon.
Future image Cardamine
bulbosa


Common Name: = Bulbous Bittercress (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/16 - 5/30
Cardamine
concatenata

(Synonym: Dentaria lacinata)
(additional image)
(additional image)

Common Name: = Cutleaf Toothwort (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/5 - 5/30


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Fumariaceae (Bleeding Heart Family)
Dicentra
cucullaria


Common Name: = Dutchman's Breeches (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 4/30 - 5/8


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)
Future image Geranium
maculatum


Common Name: = Spotted Geranium (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 5/30 - 6/21


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Future image Allium
canadense


Common Name: = Meadow Garlic (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 5/8 - 7/1
Future image Allium
tricoccum


Common Name: = Wild Leek (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/1 - 6/6
Future image Lilium
michiganense


Common Name: = Michigan Lily (USDA). Turk's Cap Lily (WI).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 7/6 - 7/27
Maianthemum
canadense


Common Name: = Canada Mayflower (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 5/26 - 6/9
Note: Photo not from site.
Future image Maianthemum
racemosum


Common Name: = False Solomon's Seal (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 6/7 - 7/4
Future image Maianthemum
stellatum


Common Name: = Starflower Solomon's Seal)
Phenology: 5/24 - 6/21
Polygonatum
biflorum


Common Name: = Giant Solomon's Seal (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 6/8 - 7/1
Note: Photo not from site.
Future image Polygonatum
pubescens


Common Name: = Hairy Solomon's Seal (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/30 - 7/6
Future image Triantha
glutinosa


Common Name: = Sticky Tofieldia (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 6/24 - 9/11
Status: WI Threatened. Not seen since 1930.
Trillium
flexipes


Common Name: = Bent Trillium (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/23 - 6/13
Trillium
grandiflorum


Common Name: = Great White Trillium (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/29 - 6/19
Trillium
recurvatum

(additional image)

Common Name: = Prairie Trillium (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/21 - 6/13
Uvularia
grandiflora


Common Name: = Largeflower Bellwort (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/29 - 6/19
Note: Photo not from site.


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
Future image Corallorhiza
maculata


Common Name: = Spotted Coralroot (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 6/26 - 9/29
Status: Not seen since 1930.
Future image Cypripedium
parviflorum


Common Name: = Lesser Yellow Lady's Slipper (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 5/23 - 6/4
Status: Not seen since 1920.
Future image Liparis
liliifolia


Common Name: = Brown Widelip Orchid (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 6/19 - 9/16
Status: Not seen since 1982.
Future image Platanthera
huronesis


Common Name: = Huron Green Orchid (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 6/24 - 7/14
Status: Not seen since 1927.
Future image Platanthera
orbiculata


Common Name: = Lesser Roundleaved Orchid (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 9
Phenology: 6/24
Status: Not seen since 1930.


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Papaveraceae (Poppy Family)
Sanguinaria
canadensis


Common Name: = Bloodroot (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 5/24 - 6/19


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Portulacaceae (Springbeauty Family)
Claytonia
virginica

(additional image)

Common Name: = Virginia Springbeauty (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 5/5 - 5/15


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)
Future image Actaea
pachypoda

(Synonym: Actaea alba)

Common Name: = White Baneberry (USDA).
Desc: Native to Wisconsin (statewide). Native to Eastern US. White flowers. White berries.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 6/1 - 6/19
Future image Actaea
rubra


Common Name: = Red Baneberry (USDA).
Desc: Native to Wisconsin (statewide). Native to North and Western US. White flowers. Red berries.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/25 - 6/16
Future image Anemone
quinquefolia


Common Name: = Wood Anemone (USDA).
Desc: Native to Wisconsin (statewide). Native to Eastern US. White flowers, 5 parted. Leaf palmately divided into 3 to 5 lobes.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 4/30 - 5/16
Caltha
palustris

(additional image)

Common Name: = Yellow Marsh Marigold (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 6
Phenology: 4/15 - 5/30
Hepatica
nobilis var. acuta

(Synonym: Anemone acutiloba)

Common Name: = Sharplobe Hepatica (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/8 - 6/13
Note: Photo not from site.
Future image Hydrastis
canadensis


Common Name: = Goldenseal (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 10
Phenology: 5/19 - 6/9 (WI Special Concern)
Future image Ranunculus
abortivus


Common Name: = Littleleaf Buttercup (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 1
Phenology: 5/5 - 5/30
Future image Ranunculus
hispidus var. nitidus


Common Name: = Bristly Buttercut (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 5/16 - 6/13
Future image Ranunculus
recurvatus


Common Name: = Blisterwork (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 5/27 - 6/13
Future image Ranunculus
sceleratus var. sceleratus


Common Name: = Celeryleaf Buttercup (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 5/30 - 6/13
Future image Thalictrum
dasycarpum


Common Name: = Purple Meadowrue (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 6/12 - 7/1
Future image Thalictrum
dioicum


Common Name: = Early Meadowrue (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/5 - 6/13


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage Family)
Future image Mitella
diphylla


Common Name: = Bishop's Cap (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 5/24 - 5/30
Ribes
americanum


Common Name: = American Black Currant (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 5/13 - 6/13
Future image Ribes
cynosbati


Common Name: = Eastern Prickly Gooseberry (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 4
Phenology: 5/4 - 6/19
Future image Saxifraga
pensylvanica


Common Name: = Eastern Swamp Saxifrage (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology: 5/24 - 6/7


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Smilacaceae (Greenbrier Family)
Future image Smilax
ecirrhata


Common Name: = Upright Carriorflower (USDA).
Desc: Native to Wisconsin (statewide). Native to Central US.
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 6/13 - 6/19
Future image Smilax
illinoensis


Common Name: = Illinois Carriorflower (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 5/19 - 5/30
Future image Smilax
lasioneura


Common Name: = Blue Ridge Carriorflower (USDA).
Desc: Native to Wisconsin (statewide, except northeast). Native to Central US. Vine.
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 6/18 - 7/4


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Umbelliferae ( Family)
Future image Osmorhiza
claytonii


Common Name: = Sweet Cicely (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 5/24 - 6/22
Future image Zizia
aurea


Common Name: = Golden Alexander (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: ?
Phenology: 5/13 - 6/9


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Violaceae (Violet Family)
Viola
pubescens


Common Name: = Downy Yellow Violet (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 5
Phenology: 5/3 - 5/19
Viola
sororia


Common Name: = Dooryard Violet (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism: 3
Phenology: 4/15 - 5/24


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Tree List
Trees
Gymnocladus
dioicus


Common Name: = Kentucky Coffeetree (USDA).
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Coefficient of Conservatism: 7
Phenology:
Status: WI Special Concern.


Note: UW Herbarium refers to the taxon Gymnocladus dioica, Family Caesalpinaceae. USDA refers to the taxon Gymnocladus dioicus, Family Fabaceae.
Future image Fraxinus
quadrangulata


Common Name: = Blue Ash (USDA).
Oleaceae (Olive Family)
Coefficient of Conservatism: 10
Phenology:
Status: WI Threatened. Only site in Wisconsin.
Common Trees
in Martin's Woods
order of dominance
Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green Ash)
Tilia americana (Basswood)
Quercus bicolor (Swamp White Oak)
Carya cordiformis (Yellowbud Hickory)
Ostrya virginiana (White Elm)
Juglans nigra (Black Walnut)
Ulmus americana (Ironwood)
Fraxinus nigra (Black Ash)
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Carpinus caroliniana (Blue Beech)
Juglans cinerea (Butternut)
Crataegus (Hawthorn)
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)
per Rich Barloga 1991.
Common Shrubs
in Martin's Woods
Euonymus atropurpureus (Wahoo)
Ilex verticillata (Winterberry)
Staphylea trifolia (American Bladdernut)
Zanthoxylum americanum (Prickly Ash)
Common Vines
in Martin's Woods
Amphicarpa bracteata (Hog Peanut)
Cuscuta gronovii (Common Dodder)
Dioscorea villosa (Wild Yam)
Echinocystis lobata (Wild Cucumber)
Humulus lupulus (Common Hop)
Menispermum canadense (Canadian Moonseed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Woodbine)
Rhus radicans (Poison Ivy)
Vitis riparia (Wild Grape)
Common Weeds / Introduced
in Martin's Woods
Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn)
Solanum dulcamara (Bittersweet Nightshade)
Lesser Forbs
in Martin's Woods
Boehmeria cylindrica (False Nettle)
Circaea quadrisulcata (Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)
Epilobium coloratum (Cinnamon Willowherb)
Floerkea proserpinacoides (False Mermaid)
Impatiens capensis (Orange Jewelweed)
Laportea canadensis (Wood Nettle)
Pedicularis lanceolata (Fen Betony)
Pilea pumila (Canadian Clearweed)
Polygonum virginianum (Jumpseed)
Rumex orbiculatus (Great Water Dock)
Scrophularia marilandica (Late Figwort)
Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettle)


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)
Future image Carex
gracilescens


Common Name: = Slender Looseflower Sedge (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 5/25 - 5/30
Status: WI Special Concern. Not seen since 1931.


Plant
Photograph
Martin's Woods Plant List
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Future image Deschampsia
cespitosa


Common Name: = Tufted Hair Grass (USDA).
Coefficient of Conservatism:
Phenology: 7/1 - 8/18
Status: WI Special Concern. Not seen since 1935.





Home back to the home page.

(C) Copyright Krischan Photography. All Rights Reserved.